In January, the Government of Canada and provinces across the country opened the door to more than 40,000 potential applicants through key programs for economic immigration and family sponsorship.
The majority of these newcomers are expected through various economic immigration programs in Canada, namely those managed by the Federal Express Entry System and the Provincial Nominee Program of Canada.
Canada’s Express Entry System is its main source of skilled foreign labor and accelerates applications for permanent residence from immigration candidates with the skills needed to rapidly integrate into the labor market in Canada.
Economic immigration and family sponsorship are key components of Canada’s new three – year immigration plan, which is aimed at 331,000 new permanent residents in 2019.
This number is expected to rise to 341,000 in 2020 and reach 350,000 by 2021 – almost one percent of the population of Canada. To ensure the continued growth of Canada’s labor force and economy in the years ahead, a one percent immigration rate is considered vital.
Also contributed to the impressive numbers produced in January was Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program, or PNP. The PNP allows participating provinces and territories to nominate a number of candidates for permanent residence for economic immigration. One of the Provincial Nominee Program’s greatest success stories is sparsely populated Manitoba, which has added 130,000 migrants since 1998. Ninety percent got a job within a year of their arrival and almost the same number ended up permanently staying in Manitoba.
In the early 1990s, the Canadian government gave provinces a say in setting goals and selecting economic immigrants – similar to the intake of skilled migration from Australia.
Another important factor in January was the reopening of the Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) in Canada for new expressions of interest.
The Parents and Grandparents Program offers eligible Canadian citizens and permanent residents over 18 years of age the opportunity to sponsor their parents and grandparents for permanent residence in Canada. The first step in the process is to complete a sponsoring interest form, which Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) provided on January 28 in a first – in, first – served form.
Who can apply?
Express entry is used to manage permanent residence applications under these federal economic immigration programs – the Federal Skilled Worker Programme, the Federal Skilled Trade Program and the Canadian Experience Class. A score of 1,200 is then given to candidates and those who meet the minimum comprehensive ranking score are invited to apply for permanent residence. They are awarded jobs, a province or territory nomination and/or skills and experience factors.